Az imperfektív aspektus az udmurtban
Kulcsszó: K+F tárgyszavak::2 Humán tudományok::2.4 Nyelvtudomány
On the Imperfective Aspect in Udmurt The aim of this paper is to discuss the imperfective aspectual markers in Udmurt. Samples are taken mostly from an Udmurt novel (MATVEJEV 2005). The Udmurt language has no prefixes, but there are numerous derivative suffixes, paired verbs and tenses marking aspectuality in non-compositional way. I deal with the aspectual role of each aspectual markers expressing imperfectivity and such subcategories like habitual, progressive and continuousness without any habitual or progressive meaning, examining how they can con-tribute to the aspectual meaning of the sentences. In case of paired verbs, the development of a verb with lexical meaning to an auxiliary is shown also in terms of grammaticalization theory.