Az énekelt magánhangzók fonetikai elemzése
Subject: K+F tárgyszavak::2 Humán tudományok::2.4 Nyelvtudomány::2.4.2 Nyelvészet
Features of articulation and perception of sung vowels at high fundamental frequencies are declared in several languages. Former studies have shown universal, and language-specific perceptual characteristics of vowels articulated with high fundamental frequency. This paper’s aim is to investigate the acoustical, and perceptual effects of singing on Hungarian vowels. A female soprano singer was asked to produce spoken and sung vowels in mVn structured nonsense-words. The recorded stimuli were perceptually tested and acoustically analysed in order to describe the perceptual and acoustical differences of spoken and sung vowels. Singing provides several articulatory differences compared to spoken speech, like lower jaw opening and drawing back the corner of the mouth (therefore illabial pronunciation). However, the acoustical measurements of the present study affirmed the vowel (space) reduction with F0-shift for Hungarian, some of the main tendencies of the perceptual experiment showed divergent tendencies of the vowel confusions. Results are presumably specific to the given language. Hence the results propose language-specific characteristics and let further questions arise.