A gesztikuláció szerepe és működése afáziás betegeknél
Megjelenés dátuma: 2012
Kulcsszó: K+F tárgyszavak::2 Humán tudományok::2.4 Nyelvtudomány::2.4.2 Nyelvészet
In my paper I examine one of the non-verbal communication tools helping patients with aphasia, namely gesturing. I have analysed the performance of two fluent and three non-fluent patients on the basis of video recordings. Since language as a cognitive capacity remains intact in case of aphasia, gestures function as compensational strategy for the patients. Gestures play a crucial role in restoring the order upset by the injured language system and by the restriction of accessibility and of working memory. An analysis of the patients’ gestures has shown that they are approximately 90% adequate in context even if the accompanied utterance is inadequate or incomprehensible. At the same time, I have not found any instance where an inadequate gesture would have been accompanied by an adequate utterance. Furthermore, the production of gestures as a rule preceded the corresponding utterance. All this demonstrates that gestures are deeply rooted in mind and their operation is highly automatic, which operation remains intact even in case of aphasia.