Comprehensive search for the Theta(+) pentaquark on the lattice
WoS ID: 000235669500051
Scopus ID: 33244486567
We study spin 1/2 isoscalar and isovector, even and odd parity candidates for the Theta(+)(1540) pentaquark particle using large scale lattice QCD simulations. Previous lattice works led to inconclusive results because so far it has not been possible to unambiguously identify the known scattering spectrum and tell whether additionally a genuine pentaquark state also exists. Here we carry out this analysis using several possible wave functions (operators). Linear combinations of those have a good chance of spanning both the scattering and pentaquark states. Our operator basis is the largest in the literature, and it also includes spatially nontrivial ones with unit orbital angular momentum. The cross correlator we compute is 14x14 with 60 nonvanishing elements. We can clearly distinguish the lowest scattering state(s) in both parity channels up to above the expected location of the pentaquark, but we find no trace of the latter. Based on that we conclude that there are most probably (approximate to 2 sigma/6 sigma levels in the negative/positive parity channels) no pentaquark bound states at our quark masses, corresponding to m(pi)=400-630 MeV. However, we cannot rule out the existence of a pentaquark state at the physical quark mass corresponding to m(pi)=135 MeV or pentaquarks with a more exotic wave function.