Megjelenés dátuma: 2015
The events of 1943 on the fronts and on the political ground changed the morale of the population in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The locals here responded distinctly to the events of 1943: the Czechs, the Bohemian Germans and also the newly settled Germans from the Reich had different viewpoints about the current situation of the World War. Due to the events of 1942 the mood of the Czechs and local Germans were low at the end of that year. In the following year the morale of the Czechs increased, while the mood of the Germans decreased. The reason of this was that the Czechs had different thoughts about the end of the war. They were under German rule, and they wanted the victory of the Allies, which would be an end of their subjugation. The German rulers noticed these changes of the morale, and they launched their propaganda in the local press, to dissipate the Czech hopes, and increase the morale of the Germans – but this was unsuccessful: the locals didn’t listen to the press which was controlled from above. The Hungarian Consulate General in Prague had to report about the local political events, but they also reviewed the morale changes in the Protectorate. The opinion of the agrarian, clerical and conservative Czech circles were important for the leaders of Hungary. They also disliked Edvard Beneš, and criticised the pre-Munich Czechoslovakia during the World War, so they were viewed from Budapest with distant sympathy. Their morale proved to be an indicator: viewed the War the nearly similar ruling classes in a different country.