Egy görög-török konfliktus története a 19. századból
The island of Crete, an Ottoman possession since the end of the 1645-69 Ottoman-Venetian war, was established by the 1878 Pact of Halepa as an autonomous state under Ottoman rule. However, political and ethnic tensions led to a rebellion in 1895, which greatly expanded throughout 1896-97 to cover most of the island. The Greek government sent military forces to the island, provoking a war with the Ottoman Empire. The war was ended by the intervention of the European great powers, and an autonomous Cretan State, still being under nominal Ottoman sovereignty, was founded. This paper is concerned with the pivotal turns of the 1896-97 Cretan crisis as well as it aims at presenting a survey of the European great powers’ political conduct during the crisis, predominantly based on Austro-Hungarian diplomatic documents.