A brit közel-keleti politika dilemmái (1914–1915)
Ferwagner, Péter Ákos
During the first phase of the World War I Britain made desperate efforts to defend its own oriental interests. The applied methods moved on a wide scale including the diplomatic and military means. However, it was no clear at all among the British decision makers, what kind of strategy should be followed. Various lobbies put pressure on the government which posed a serious dilemma to London. Furthermore, it was also necessary to take the Allies´ interests into consideration. Consequently in the first months of the war various factors influenced the British government in his dilemmas concerning the Middle East. Among these we can mention the Allies´ want list, the demand of the Arab nationalists living in the Ottoman Empire concerning self-determination, and the conceptual-strategic disagreement between the Cairo resident office and the Indian viceroy in connection with the British interests. All these factors influenced the decisions the government made during the following period.