The Levantine Press of Istanbul and the Outbreak of the Great War (1914)
The mid-nineteenth century was a period of intense reforms in the Ottoman Empire in a variety of sectors including public administration, law, and education. The French connection played an important role in the development of the periodís reformist ideas. The French presence in Ottoman civil society was also striking from the 1850s on. The present paper aims at analyzing the public opinion in the Ottoman Empire in 1914, at the moment of the outbreak of the Great War, as reflected in the French-language press of Istanbul. The first part presents a general panorama of the period preceding the outbreak of the war. The second part covers the political comments published in the Frenchlanguage newspapers of Istanbul during the crisis of summer 1914 and in the weeks following the declarations of war.