Galaxy-galaxy weak lensing in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: intrinsic alignments and shear calibration errors
Hirata, C M; Mandelbaum, R; Seliak, U; Guzik, J; Padmanabhan, N; Blake, C; Brinkmann, J; Budavari, T; Connolly, A; Csabai, I
WoS ID: 000224054100016
Scopus ID: 4544375971
Galaxy-galaxy lensing has emerged as a powerful probe of the dark matter haloes of galaxies, but is subject to contamination if intrinsically aligned satellites of the lens galaxy are used as part of the source sample. We present a measurement of this intrinsic shear using 200 747 lens galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spectroscopic sample and a sample of satellites selected using photometric redshifts. The mean intrinsic shear at transverse separations of 30-446 h(-1) kpc is constrained to be -0.0062 < Delta gamma < +0.0066 (99.9 per cent confidence, including identified systematics), which limits contamination of the galaxy-galaxy lensing signal to at most similar to15 per cent on these scales. We present these limits as a function of transverse separation and lens luminosity. We furthermore investigate shear calibration biases in the SDSS, which can also affect galaxy-galaxy lensing, and conclude that the shear amplitude is calibrated to better than 18 per cent. This includes noise-induced calibration biases in the ellipticity, which are small for the sample considered here, but which can be more important if low signal-to-noise ratio or poorly resolved source galaxies are used.