XMM-Newton observation of the Lockman Hole I. The X-ray data
Hasinger, G; Altieri, B; Arnaud, M; Barcons, X; Bergeron, J; Brunner, H; Dadina, M; Dennerl, K; Ferrando, P; Finoguenov, A
WoS ID: 000166426300007
Scopus ID: 17944364616
We report on the first; deep X-ray survey with the XMM-Newton observatory during the performance verification phase. The field of the Lockman Hole, one of the best studied sky areas over a very wide range of wavelengths, has been observed. A total of similar to 100 ksec good exposure time has been accumulated. Combining the images of the European Photon Imaging camera (EPIC) detectors we reach a flux limit of 0.31, 1.4 and 2.4 10(-15) erg cm(-2) s(-1), respectively in the 0.5-2, 2-10, and 5-10 keV band. Within an off-axis angle of 10 arcmin we detect 148, 112 and 61 sources, respectively. The log(N)-log(S) relation in the three bands is compared with previous results. In particular in the 5-10 keV band these observations present the deepest X-ray survey ever, about a factor 20 more sensitive than the previous BeppoSAX observations. Using X-ray spectral diagnostics and the set of previously known, spectroscopically identified ROSAT sources in the field, the new sources can be classified. XMM-Newton detects a significant number (similar to 40%) of X-ray sources with hard, probably intrinsically absorbed X-ray spectra, confirming a prediction of the population synthesis models for the X-ray background.