Theophilus Shepstone és a natali „bennszülött” politika
During the first half of the 19th century the British government was not very anxious to make any further expansion in Southern Africa. But this situation has changed in the 1840s, because the Boer trekkers signified a great threat to the British interests in the region just north from the Cape borders. After the annexation of Natal in 1843 the British government have faced a serious problem, namely how to supervise the local „native” tribes. As a result Theophilus Shepstone has worked out his famous location system. The system proved to be so successful that in the forthcoming years it was introduced in many parts of Africa. The aim of this article is to present the build up of the Shepstone-system from the first steps until the late 1870s. It tries to display those internal and external conditions which have affected the progress of the system. The second object of the study is to deal with the situation of the local African residents in this altered environment.