A folklór szövegek kognitív megközelítésű vizsgálatának tanulságai
Cognitive Perspective in the Research of Folklore Texts This paper is on a structural feature of a certain group of Hungarian folksongs, their initial image involving some phenomenon of nature. The author investigates orientation metaphors, especially spatial metaphors based on the theory of cognitive metaphors, introducing the most frequent types as well as their meanings in terms of binary oppositions like FAR VS. NEAR, UP VS. DOWN, CENTRE VS. PERIPHERY, TELICITY VS. ATELICITY and WIDE VS. NARROW PERSPECTIVE. She also presents a sample analysis of a folksong showing the complexity of spatial relationships within one text. She emphasises the prospects of research in frame of cognitive linguistics and names a number of fields of further studies, such as other forms of localization and dimensionality, the variety of grammatical structures expressing spatial relationships, a linear analysis of image structure, the conventionality of schemata within images, and the role of intertextuality, which all serve a more complete description of semantic structure of Hungarian folksongs.